How to make a button

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There are several ways to make a clickable button in Mini Micro. All methods involve drawing some clickable area on the screen, detecting when that area has been clicked, and then tracking the mouse while the button remains down.

For proper button behavior, the button should change in some way (appear darker or shift/scale) to indicate it is pressed, as long as the button is held down but only while the mouse is within the button bounds. If the mouse is dragged outside the bounds, the button should pop back up, and if released in this state it should not count as a click (this is how a user can "cancel" a button click if they realize they made a mistake before releasing the mouse button).

Using a Sprite and No Import Modules

The core of this technique is described in How to detect a click on a sprite. But in the example code below, we make it a bit more general, adding an isClicked method to the Sprite class that can perform button behavior for any sprite. Then the main program needs only call isClicked on each button sprite whenever the mouse button goes down, and handle the button click if this method returns true.


// Prepare the sprite we want to use as a button.
button = new Sprite
button.image = file.loadImage("/sys/pics/Block3.png")
button.x = 350; button.y = 550
display(4).sprites.push button

// Function to check for clicks, with button behavior.
// (Call this when the mouse button is pressed.)
Sprite.isClicked = function
	// Ensure the self has a bounds.
	if not self.localBounds then
		self.localBounds = new Bounds
		self.localBounds.width = self.image.width
		self.localBounds.height = self.image.height
	end if
	// Track the mouse until the button is released,
	// showing the button as "pressed" whenever the
	// mouse is within the self bounds.
	while mouse.button
		if self.contains(mouse) then
			self.tint = color.silver
			self.tint = color.white
		end if
	end while
	self.tint = color.white
	// Return whether the mouse was released within bounds.
	return self.contains(mouse)
end function

// Main loop.
while true  // (press Control-C to exit)
	if mouse.button then
		// The mouse button is down.  Check each of our buttons, 
		// and do whatever they should do if clicked.
		if button.isClicked then
			print "Button clicked!"
		end if
	end if
end while